The rural generational gap: a complex phenomenon with global implications

IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

Volume 28, Issue 8, Series 8 (August, 2023) 36-48

e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845.

www.iosrjournals.org

DOI: 10.9790/0837-2808083646 www.iosrjournals.org

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Olga Lucía Castillo1, Uriel Rodríguez2

1(Senior Researcher at Futuro-Presente Civil Society Organization, Colombia)

2(Rural Development Department/ Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia)

 

Abstract:

Background: The lack of generational renewal in rural areas is a phenomenon that rapidly worsens globally; at a first glance, the most evident consequences is that the aging of the rural population will make much more difficult and less productive agricultural processes, especially where low technology levels predominate. And at a first glance also, the most important cause is the little or no attractiveness that these production processes offer to the new generations as an option for labor activity. However, an in-depth analysis of the increasing rural generational gap, focused on Latin America, but also related to the other regions worldwide, revealed the complexity of this phenomenon, given the plurality of issues connected to it, and therefore, its broad implications.

 

Materials and Methods: It was carried on an in-depth analysis of the causes and consequences of the increasing rural generational gap, focused on Latin America, but also related to the other regions worldwide throughout a systematic method for identifying, reading, analyzing, and comparing scholarly literature and supported with figures from global institutions.

Results: Beyond the importance of rural youth in agricultural production processes– the scarce rural generational renewal is related to a wide range of other phenomena of a very diverse nature, some conjunctural and others structural, and some of them only recently made visible and analyzed. The lack of generational renewal in rural areas is a global phenomenon which it is closely related to global transformations, such as urbanization, rural and urban poverty, situations of food insecurity and lack of sovereignty, violence and armed conflicts, technology and new ways of learning, the global sociodemographic reconfiguration, and the recovery and/or innovation around the conservation of natural resources.

Conclusion: Beyond the importance of rural youth in agricultural production processes– and though at first glance the phenomenon of rural generational relief may seem to be an issue anchored only in rural studies, and in-depth analysis allowed to conclude that it is a complex and transversal phenomenon for the present and the future of society in general. Nevertheless, recognizing that young people are currently facing a particularly adverse context, paradoxically, this adversity is to a large extent what has prompted them to position themselves as agents of change and renewal, from the global to the local level.

Key Word: Rural generational gap; Rural youth; Rural communities future

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Date of Submission: 21-08-2023 Date of Acceptance: 31-08-2023

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  1. Introduction

The first section offers a brief overview in terms of the initial conceptual approaches and facts associated with the rural generational renewal part of the 60s and 70s decades context; in the second section some of the main structural and conjunctural facts that currently exacerbate this phenomenon are exposed, followed by the analysis of the most recent conceptual approaches regarding the role of rural youth, to close with the main conclusions in which a gap in the literature related to the topic is identified.

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